Arthritis of the toe: causes, symptoms
Arthritis refers to the disease associated withdirect inflammation of the joints. It can be caused by various bacteria and viruses, metabolic disorders, traumas, allergies, malfunction of the immune system, smoking and many other reasons. Arthritis can be rheumatic, infectious, gouty, rheumatoid.
Among people not only senior, but also averageage, many know from their own experience what arthritis of the toe is. There are monoarthritis - the lesion of a single joint, or polyarthritis - the defeat of several joints. Initially, the inflammatory process encompasses the synovial membrane of the joint, where an accumulation of purulent, serous or putrefactive fluid occurs. With the progression of the disease, inflammation spreads to the entire joint.
Most often diagnosed as gouty,rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis of the toe. Also common is a kind of osteoarthritis, accompanied by destruction of articular cartilage, severe pain, increasing with walking, decreased mobility. After a strong or easy repeated mechanical damage, traumatic arthritis occurs. Infectious form of this disease is associated with the existing infection in the human body. Dystrophic arthritis can be caused by physical overstrain, lack of vitamins, hypothermia, violation of working conditions.
Gouty arthritis of the toe is manifestedunbearable pain, swelling, deformity of the joints. The skin at the site of inflammation turns red, there are growths and bony growths. The thumbs of the feet are more often affected, as during the movement the greatest burden falls on them.
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most commonheavy among other species. It can occur at any age, and the reasons for this appearance of medicine are not known. Deformation of joints, fingers and completely stops occurs, as a result the person is deprived of an opportunity independently to move and becomes the invalid.
The first symptoms of arthritis are pain (more often nocturnal),puffiness, hot skin around the affected joint, redness, limitation of mobility and stiffness of the joint. In the laboratory blood test, signs of an inflammatory process will be revealed: leukocytosis, an increase in ESR, shifts in biochemical parameters. Changes in the joint itself will reveal an x-ray study.
All forms of the disease can have acute orchronic course. Acute arthritis appears sharply, necessarily accompanied by severe pain. Gradually forming disease sometimes makes itself felt by weak pains and more often flows into a chronic form. The person is not alarmed by these signs of arthritis, so calling a doctor, as a rule, is belated.
Treatment of the disease should be comprehensive,aimed at: eliminating the cause, alleviating pain, restoring the function of the joints. Therapy includes medication, physiotherapy, exercise therapy, spa treatment, and non-traditional methods. Methods for eliminating the disease should be prescribed only by a doctor, having first ascertained the form and cause of arthritis.