Disposal of mercury-containing lamps: principles of collection and storage, responsibility
Among home appliances there are those that you needDispose of in accordance with special rules. These include mercury-containing lamps. Perform the procedure correctly - this is a guarantee of safety. If the integrity of the device has been violated, the lamps are disposed of immediately or temporarily left in a special room. Later they are transported and processed. It is necessary to know where the device is surrendering. It is important for legal entities to draw up a document. The contract specifies the list of services provided, as well as their cost.
Why do you need recycling?
Mercury is a very dangerous substance. Therefore, the disposal of mercury-containing lamps is considered mandatory. The amount of this substance can be different. It all depends on the type of bulb. Now such devices are used because of low power consumption. If there are about 5 lamps in the house, the danger emanating from the evaporation of the substance is very high. Before buying, you need to ask where the light source is being delivered in case of damage or end of life.
Keep used or damaged appliancesIt is dangerous because of negative impact on the person. The consequences include various factors, including headaches, fatigue and death. Dispose of the device with conventional waste should not be, because mercury enters the ground, and then - into the water.
Liability for improper storage
If the disposal of mercury or its temporary storage is not performed correctly, then an administrative fine is required for this. Its size is set on the basis of CoAn:
- For legal entities - 100-250 thousand rubles.
- For the IP - 30-50 thousand.
- For officials - 10-30 thousand rubles.
Another punishment may also be used - the prohibition of the work of the organization within 90 days. With further violations of the rules for the disposal of hazardous substances, criminal liability is provided.
Principles of collection and accumulation
Rules for the damage to the body of light bulbsis registered in SanPin. Using these standards, specialized companies must correctly collect mercury-containing lamps. The responsible person supervises this work. To collect, a room is used, where an outsider can not enter. You can not eat near such waste. It is important to comply with the standards of illumination. A qualitative ventilation system is required in the room.
Storage and disposal of mercury-containing lampsis carried out in special containers. The room should be in stock water (10 liters) and manganese potassium for hazardous situations. Containers are made of cardboard, plywood, particle board and paper. Polyethylene bags are often used. It is desirable to hold no more than 30 lamps in 1 container. Capacities should be labeled, indicating the quantity and types of waste.
How is the substance stored?
Disposal of mercury-containing lamps is carried out aftertheir collection. Specialized agencies conduct this work. Containers must be sealed. Each type of lamp is placed in a separate waste group. Instruments are distributed according to size and shape. Do not free movement of devices in the tank. In the rules of SanPin it is written that for records it is necessary to use the journal. It records information about the movement of waste. The document has a responsible person.
Where is the recycling?
Before you take the lamp, you need to know aboutcost of services. Mercury is recycled by specialized companies that must have a license for their activities. The price of services is usually stable - 15-20 rubles per unit. It is necessary to consider what types of lamps are accepted.
If an organization is chosen, it is necessarycount the number of units. This directly affects the cost. You will also need to use transport services, which are also toll-free. Disposal of mercury-containing lamps in each company has a different cost. It affects the amount of waste and the type of services provided.
How to remove a broken lamp?
If the lamp is broken, then it is necessary to actquickly and accurately. First, do not panic. This can happen to everyone, most importantly, to remove a dangerous source in a timely manner. Secondly, it is necessary to ensure the ventilation of the room, disconnect the appliances, preferably leave the room. To protect yourself from fumes, a respirator or gauze bandage is used. Also put on rubber gloves.
It is necessary to collect the remains of the lamp, which should beput in a quality package, and then tie it. You can use a jar with a lid. It is necessary to carefully collect the fine particles, then carry the surface with a rag and water with bleach. When mercury containing lamps are disposed of, it is necessary to call for sanitary service. It will check the level of concentration of harmful fumes, and also eliminate them. After professional treatment, the premises will be safe.