How to determine the genre of the poem?
Poems that we usually read andanalyze, in most cases belong to the lyric - a special kind of literature. As for the genres, there are a lot of them. Let's look at how to define the genre of the poem.
If the work has an elevated style,glorifies the exploits of the military or heroes, magnifies the power of the first persons of the state, the genre of this poem is called an ode. It is very similar to a hymn, but a hymn is a song that is addressed to a strictly defined person. Very often in clothes there is a lexicon that was used hundreds of years ago, and this is no wonder, because the ode was the most important poetic genre in the era of classicism.
If there is no strict poem in the poemcomposition, there is no division into stanzas, and after reading this work casts sad thoughts, then, most likely, its genre is elegy. It is very important to feel the mood of the poet.
To understand how to determine the genre of the verse,It is necessary to get acquainted with a European genre, like a sonnet. You can recognize it, in most cases, just in form. The work has fourteen lines, arranged in a special way.
If the poem has no more than twoquatrains, and in it a very cleverly ridiculed man, it is written in the genre of the epigram. The most basic element is the comic. Sometimes this humor is kind, and sometimes it is a kicking satire.
In the case when the poem has a large volumeand a certain plot, most often, it is a ballad. In it, the main character must necessarily be present, around which the plot of the work develops. Those events that are reflected in ballads are most often dramatic and magical. Ballads have a song structure, due to which it is very easy to distinguish them from any other genre.
Genres of poems severaldozens, but, having considered the basic, you can easily analyze the texts. To know the above genres is enough to determine the genres of poems from the school program.