How to hang a hood over a gas stove: a step-by-step installation guide
Hood is an essential attribute of any, even the smallest kitchen. Without it, it is difficult to talk about comfort - rich aromas of 3-5 dishes at the same time will blend into unpleasant amber and fill the airspace.
Therefore, during repair, they immediately buy exhaust equipment and think about how to hang the hood over the gas stove and what tools are needed for this.
Important rules for installing a hood
Hoods are needed in kitchens with electric and gas stoves. Moreover, she instilled their installation in the second case are slightly different. After all, when using a gas stove cooking occurs under the influence of open fire. This feature must be taken into account before installation.
In the process of cooking on a gas stove, not only aromas of cooking fill the air - the smell of burning gas is clearly felt in the kitchen.It is he who contributes to the question of the correctness of the choice of the optimal distance for future drawing.
So, sometimes you can hear the erroneous recommendations of some craftsmen to hang this device lower at a distance of 50-60 cm from the level of the plate. According to them, it will allow better and faster to remove carbon monoxide from the room.
Such advisers forget that open fire can easily be transferred to the body of the exhaust equipment and then the troubles cannot be avoided. Especially dangerous can be the situation when the fatty filters have already managed to become dirty - they can ignite in seconds.
To avoid this, you need to remember at what height above the gas stove to hang the hood. The permissible range is within 75-85 cm. Moreover, as experienced masters advise, in some cases an error of 5 cm is possible if the hood does not fit in any other way.
In addition to the distance from the plate to the hood, there are other important rules for installation, including:
- proper installation of equipment;
- secure electrical connection;
- proper connection to the ventilation system.
In order for exhaust equipment to work properly for many years, helping to get rid of the symbiosis of various flavors in time, it will have to be installed, strictly adhering to the basic rules of installation. You can install it yourself or invite a master from a firm with a good reputation.
Another important rule affecting the quality of installation and the future indoor climate is compliance with the recommendations of the equipment manufacturer. First of all, you should carefully read the tips on the installation height of the acquired model of the hood, given by the company that produced it.
Then you need to study the recommendations of the manufacturer of the gas stove in the appropriate section. The manual should pay special attention to advice on the height of the exhaust device.
It is often possible to encounter the fact that the recommendations for one and the second device differ significantly. Manufacturers of hoods can indicate the installation height of their equipment 40-50 cm from the plate. In this case, you need to focus only on the distance specified in the instructions to the plate.
If the accompanying documentation for the gas stove is lost, then the hood above it can be hung at a distance not lower than 75 cm.
Step by step installation of the hood over the gas stove
With work on the installation and connection of the hood is quite possible to cope on their own. A simple set of tools is useful for this: drill or screwdriver, hacksaw, screwdriver, pencil, level, tape measure. You will also need a general idea of the installation of exhaust equipment in a domestic environment.
Preparation for installation work
The installation of the hood start after the equipment itself has already been purchased. The first step is to read the instructions for the hood and the gas stove, paying particular attention to the height of the upcoming installation.
After studying the recommendations, you can proceed to marking the location of the future dislocation of the exhaust device over the gas stove. It all depends on its type, model and principle of operation.
There are oblique, recessed, angular and island hoods. On what kind of model will be in a particular kitchen and depends on the place where to do the markup. In any case, it is advisable to proceed with its installation only after installing and connecting the gas stove.
You need to mark the place for the installation of the hood strictly above the gas stove, measuring the distance upwards within 75-85 cm. Then you have to plan the location of the ventilation pipe, which will be mounted to the hood. For coal models this is irrelevant.
Mounting hood over the gas stove
When done with the markings, you can begin to install the hood.Here, the order of the work depends on the model of equipment - for the built-in hood, there is a little work to be done with a wall cabinet in which it will hide.
In the section of the wall cabinet you have to raise the lower shelf to a height corresponding to the height of the hood itself. It is about 15-25 cm.
Then, directly to this shelf to be self-tapping screws hood, using the holes already existing in the body. If they are not there, then you can do them yourself, carefully measuring out the place of the future attachment.
If the model is a dome, corner or island type, then it will be enough to hang on the mount, pre-installed in the wall or in the ceiling.
It is important when installing the hood body not to lift it beyond the decorative parts, so as not to accidentally break it.If you have doubts in your abilities, then to install an expensive model, it is better to immediately invite a specialist.
Connecting the hood to the ventilation system
When the hood took its place above the gas stove, you can proceed to the next stage - connecting it to the ventilation system. Although in some situations you can do without it - everything will depend on the principle of the installed equipment.
By the principle of action, the following types of hoods are distinguished:
- with air exhaust;
- exhaust air recirculation;
- 2 in 1 - it is possible to operate the equipment both in the outlet mode and in the air recirculation mode.
In the first type of devices, a grease filter is installed, designed to remove particles of fat before exhausting air outside the room. Also here there is always a duct through which air masses move from the room.
In the second type of hoods, fat and carbon filters are used - the first removes grease,and the second filter air masses, eliminating soot, burning, water particles and other impurities that give an unpleasant smell.
The third type of equipment also has 2 types of filters and is equipped with an air duct, which is not present in coal extracts. Such a structure ensures functioning in the mode of air removal and in the mode of its cleaning without removal.
Therefore, it is important to understand the hood with which principle of action will now be installed. After all, the coal model does not need to install the duct.
For other types of hoods to be connected to the general ventilation system. To do this, you need a corrugation or plastic duct, adapters, clamps, sealant and metallized tape.
After connecting to the ventilation duct, you can put the decorative cover on the air duct.Many dome-type hoods are equipped with a beautiful overlay designed to mask a ventilation pipe going into the ventilation.
When the main installation work is done, it remains to connect the hood, located above the gas stove, to the mains. Regardless of the type and principle of operation, all hoods require electrical power. Without this, the exhaust fan simply will not start.
To connect to the network can be 2 options:
- plugging into the outlet;
- connecting directly.
The first option is the easiest and most convenient. If there is a free outlet, and the hood already has a wire with a plug at the end - then it will be convenient to hide it in the cable channel, stretching it to the outlet.
But to act on the first option is not always possible - often there is just not enough free outlet for the hood. Some models have a too short wire with a plug that does not reach the desired outlet. Therefore, you have to connect directly.
Here it is important to correctly connect all the exhaust wires with the power cable so that the earth is connected to earth, phase and zero with the corresponding wires. Electrical installation should be done strictly when the power is turned off, and hands should be protected with special gloves.
After such a connection, the contacts must be isolated. Also be sure to check if there is current to the body hood.
When the connection is completed, it remains to turn on the power and check the operation of the exhaust equipment. Everything is simple here - just turn on any drawing speed and attach a sheet of paper.
The main mistakes when installing the hood
Even experienced housekeepers who repeatedly perform various repairs in their apartment / house can make mistakes when installing the hood over a gas stove.And newcomers to this business, and even more so.
The most common mistake is incorrectly chosen height for mounting the device. So, often the person responsible for the installation considers it unnecessary to spend his time reading the instructions and simply relies on the opinion of a reputable neighbor / comrade in his eyes, who says that 60-70 cm is enough.
Especially often this situation can occur in kitchens where nobody cooks. After all, in order to make coffee and heat the pizza, the hood is not needed. Therefore, the hood in this kitchen for the time being will play a decorative role. As soon as a hostess appears there, inspiringly cultivating culinary delights, the purchase of a new one or the reinstallation of a low-hanging extract is in prospect.
The second error during installation is insufficient equipment width. It should be remembered that for normal operation the width of the hood must be the same as that of the plate.
The third mistake is more related to the design - it will not affect the functioning of the equipment. We are talking about air ducts connecting the device with the ventilation shaft - it is advisable to install plastic in areas of open space. This will allow to visually give a more sophisticated appearance to communications.
For air ducts that are hidden under a decorative casing, in a drywall box or in a false ceiling, you can use a corrugation. Also, this option is acceptable for models of hoods that are mounted in a hinged locker. The air duct will hide perfectly in the same cabinet - you just have to cut through the corresponding hole under it.
Another mistake made by beginners when working with a hood with decorative glass. When mounting it over a gas stove, you have to be extremely careful not to accidentally damage the decorative case. In no case should the equipment be lifted while holding the glass.
The fifth mistake is a wrong electrical connection. This situation is fraught with not the most pleasant consequences, if the current goes through the body of the hood. Basically, this problem occurs when the device is directly connected to the wires with a power cable by a novice home master.
If the hood will be plugged in, it is important that the electric point be removed from the gas stove at a distance of 60 cm. Compliance with the rules and standards of safety will prevent accidental ignition of the wiring.
All errors can be avoided if you treat each stage of the installation work responsibly. Proper installation and connection of the hood over the gas stove with each step brings to an excellent result. Qualitatively installed equipment will please any hostess and will serve much longer than its operational life.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
To integrate the hood with the air duct into the furniture cabinet, you need to drill a hole under the ventilation duct.More about the intricacies of this work in the video clip:
Dome hood can be hung on the screws, screwed into the wall. About this in the following video:
Video clip on how high the hood should be installed in the kitchen with a gas stove:
To extract the kitchen was not only functional, but also looked aesthetically pleasing, it should be properly installed and connected. The main secrets are revealed in the video:
Detailed video clip on the installation and connection of inclined hood:
Installing the hood over the gas stove can be done independently. It is important to maintain the minimum allowable height from the plate, so that later there will be no problems during its operation. Even a beginner will be able to assemble the hood and connect it. If the installation work is terrifying, then you should not save - it is easier to invite a master with a good reputation and entrust the installation to him.