How to start a car in the frost?
The winter period of operation is the heaviestnot only for the owner, but also for the car itself. Particularly depressing are the problems with the launch of their "iron horse" in the frosty morning after a sharp cold snap. And in order to facilitate the winter launch of the car, it is necessary to prepare it appropriately for operation in the winter season, and also to know some tricks of how to start a car in the winter.
Preparing the car for starting the engine
Preparing any car for winter operationshould start with a battery. To do this, clean the terminals, then carefully tighten all nuts and their fasteners. If the battery of your car is old, it is better to replace it with a new one. When choosing a new battery, it is worth giving preference to the well-known brands with a large capacity. Try to avoid cheap Chinese, as well as counterfeit Russian batteries. It is also necessary to wipe the surface between the terminals regularly with a dry cloth. On the starter, check the contacts of the supply wires, as well as the tightness of the terminals that protect these contacts. During the attempt to start the engine, it is necessary to avoid its prolonged work, so as not to burn it. It should pay attention to the fact that a prolonged rotation of the engine by the starter is reflected extremely negatively on the power unit of the car, especially when it is injected and electronically controlled. It is necessary to check the condition of high-voltage wires. It is necessary to pay attention to the absence of cracks in the insulation. If any cracks are found, replace the entire wire, and do not attempt to remove them with water repellent sprays. Also need to check and cover the trambler. It is not necessary to use used or Chinese wires, since there will not be any such a change. Check the condition of the oil in the gearbox and replace if necessary. Particular attention should be given to the level of fuel. The tank should be filled more than half. This is necessary so that the water accumulating on the bottom does not get inside the fuel line and does not freeze there at a low temperature.
How to start a car with manual transmission
The main rule allowing to solve such aThe problem of how to start a car in frost is to turn off all consumers of electricity. These include: lights, a heater fan, air conditioning, audio system, rear window heating. If the battery is cold, then in order to warm it up, you need to turn on the headlights for 30 seconds. Then turn the engine by the starter, but do not start immediately. Then you can start the main attempts to start the engine, while squeezing the clutch. If the first attempt fails, wait 30-40 seconds. Then you can try again to start the engine. Do not touch the gas pedal, because the injection system itself must provide the necessary amount of fuel. So you need to spend no more than 5-7 attempts to start with pauses between them in 30 seconds. If these methods have not helped and you do not know how to start a car in winter, in such a situation, you should remove moisture from the high-voltage wires. To do this, use the Wd-40 spray. Connecting the wires to the battery, you need to ask the other driver to "light". The main thing, do not forget to do between attempts to start a pause. In the event that this method did not help to start the engine, you can resort to the help of a tug. It is worthwhile to agree in advance with the driver of the towing device on the signals, and then to include the second or third gear. When the engine starts, you can not let it stall. For this, it is necessary to gently press the accelerator pedal. Then you need to immediately squeeze the clutch and turn on the gear. Now the motor should warm up. To do this you need to increase the engine speed to 1100-1500. So the engine can warm up much faster, and the battery - charge.
How to start a car with automatic transmission
To owners of cars with an automatic boxgear must be prepared for winter operation more thoroughly. If the battery of your car serves more than three years, you should replace it with a new one. In order to facilitate the start of the engine in the winter season, the industry produces special fuel additives. They significantly improve the properties of ignition of cold gasoline. Do not forget that gasoline loses its properties when the ambient temperature drops below -32 degrees. Morning start in a strong frost is worth starting with the inclusion of a couple of minutes of low-beam headlights. After that you can start the engine. If the attempts were not successful, then it is worthwhile to inject a small amount of ether into the suction manifold. This broadcast is designed specifically to facilitate the start of the engine in the winter season. If after all the attempts described above to start the engine and did not succeed, then do not lose heart, you may still be able to start the car. Help in this can have a start-up charger. In any case, it will be necessary to restore the capacity of the battery, and only after that you can repeat attempts to start the engine on a car with an automatic transmission.
If you are a car owner with an "automatic", then you should not resort to the following methods of starting the engine in cold weather:
- In no case should you try to start the car "from the pusher", resorting to this method, you will not only damage the gearbox, but you can also damage the motor.
- If you are trying to use a third-party source of electricity to start the starter, do not mix up the plus and minus, otherwise it will not end up just burning down the fuses.
- Do not change the gearbox modes with the engine stopped, this can also lead to transmission failure.
Now you know how to start a car in the cold. We wish you success in your work!