Hygiene of labor, or the science of human health
The term "occupational health"caring for a person, studying its relationship with the environment. The environment includes domestic and environmental conditions, the development of hygiene standards and their application.
The study of the production environment and processes init occurs, refers to one of the sections of occupational health. Also here you can include activities that are being developed to improve production processes.
Section "Industrial sanitation and hygiene"labor includes the study of methods of organization of labor, the state of human health during the work process and during rest, as well as the development and use of safe working tools, the position of the body in performing certain tasks. chemical and biological raw materials, a condition of an organism after a finding in a harmful environment.
In addition to practical measures to improve and improve working conditions, practical work is also being done to regulate production work.
Once it was believed that occupational health is a set ofactivities, based only on life experience, besides having a religious background. This can be traced in the writings of Aristotle, Lucretia, Hippocrates, where the hard work of metallurgists, excavators, workers in mines is analyzed.
But time goes by and opinions change. An important role in the development of hygiene belongs, as it is unfortunate, to major epidemics that have made significant adjustments not only to this area, but also to the economy and technological progress.
With the development of technology began to improve conditionshygiene. The laying of water pipes, the installation of sewerage, the construction of sewage treatment plants, the improvement of housing conditions made it possible to take a different look at such a science as occupational hygiene, which is developing to this day.
This is all about general hygiene, that is, for the entire population as a whole. There are rules and regulations for employees of narrow specialties, for example, medical workers.
If clinical hygiene is not observed by workersmedecines, there is a danger of contracting infectious diseases not only for the doctors themselves, but also for the patients. And, if the hygiene of the work of medical workers is not perfect or its norms are not put into practice, all responsibility falls on the shoulders of the supervisory bodies.
If clinical hygiene is observed, medicalit is possible to protect the patient from hospital contamination by personnel, and staff, on the contrary, from infection with patients. In addition, observing the norms of hygiene, you can avoid infection of people who are in contact with patients.
Let's return to general hygiene of work. When hiring an employer is obliged to provide a new employee with a workplace that meets the requirements of labor protection and hygiene. It must ensure safe working conditions. All factors should be taken into account here and all hygiene standards concerning this sphere are observed.
Based on the study of the specifics of production,its impact on occupational health, hygienic norms and rules are developed, which make it possible to use the equipment more rationally. Also there are developments in the sphere of health improvement of labor conditions.
How does occupational health affect the human body, you can learn by studying the characteristics of his profession for a long time. And, as you know, the profession determines the position of a person in society.
Human health is affected by harmfulThe production, where the norms of hygiene of labor are not observed. This is due to the wrong organization of the workplace. This includes the intensity of the nervous system, as well as the position of the body, a long time in a motionless or uncomfortable state.