Lamps in the bathroom on the ceiling: types, principles of placement, installation nuances
No matter how original the interior is, everything can ruin the wrong light. It is not surprising that the issue of lighting occupies a rather important place when arranging premises for various purposes.
Moreover, for the bathroom is no less important than for other functional rooms. To create the perfect atmosphere of comfort and coziness, you must correctly select the lamps in the bathroom to the ceiling, take into account the rules of their placement and installation.
What to consider when choosing devices?
In the process of creating a design project, it is necessary to choose the optimal model of the lamp, taking into account the characteristics of the room, the design and texture of finishing materials.
For example, built-in models are not suitable for arranging a bathroom with a ceiling made of a monolithic concrete slab. In this case, it is better to use overhead appliances or ceiling in the form of chandeliers.
In an effort to create a stylish interior and comfortable environment, special attention will have to be paid to the choice of lighting equipment. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the design, characteristics, dimensions, power of the lamps, methods of fastening the electrical device and the need for additional structural elements.
If the bathroom is large, then a beautiful chandelier will look organically. But the point models, correctly and evenly distributed over the ceiling space, will allow you to create a stylish interior that takes into account the trend trends.
When choosing luminaires, the following factors should be considered:
- the area of the room and the distance between the lamps;
- zoning of the room, the need to highlight certain areas;
- level of instrument layout;
- style direction of the interior;
- color range of walls, floor, furniture and sanitary ware;
- the presence of mirrors, tension structures, ceramic tiles and other surfaces that reflect light.
Before you begin the installation work, you must consider the layout of the light sources and the nuances of laying cables. Some models offered by manufacturers in the range, need to create special conditions.
The quality of products directly affects their service life. Costly branded models of built-in or overhead lamps compare favorably with cheaper ones. They are more qualitative, wear-resistant, therefore they retain an aesthetic look for a long time.
In an effort to create a stylish and original interior in the bathroom, we must not forget about security. Electrical appliances intended for installation in rooms with high humidity should have the maximum degree of protection, which corresponds to the IP65 marking.
At arrangement of rooms with high level of humidity it is necessary to follow certain rules. To organize a safe room lighting will help such recommendations:
- you can use only water-resistant appliances with a degree of protection against IP24;
- in the area of high humidity to put low-voltage devices up to 12 V;
- next to a bath or shower, use lighting devices of class 2 protection;
- it is desirable that all metal parts are made of stainless steel or have anti-corrosion properties;
- bulbs and other heating parts of electrical appliances should be equipped with protective covers or shades.
You should also remember about the features and properties of light rays. So, next to the sink is better to use a lamp with a softer yellow light. Otherwise, a rather pale skin will be reflected in the mirror, which will prevent the makeup from being applied correctly.
For a bathroom with dimensions of 5x2 m, 2 lamps of 60 watts are sufficient. You can use 2 lamps, spaced apart on the sides, but in this case, the mirror will need additional lighting.
Types of bathroom fixtures
When arranging any room, it is important to correctly select and install lighting devices, which for a combined bathroom or separate bathroom are divided into subgroups according to several criteria.
Location and moisture resistance level
Light sources can be installed at various points in the room. Depending on this, they are wall-mounted, ceiling-mounted, floor-standing, embedded in a shower stall or in a mirror.
Distinguish between ordinary and moisture-proof lamps installed in the ceiling in the bathroom. The second option is designed for installation in rooms that are characterized by high humidity.
They are made of moisture-resistant materials, and their design does not allow splashes of water to get inside the device.
Split by placement method
Luminaires can be open and recessed. These subgroups differ in the way they are placed — on the ceiling or on the wall of the room.
Depending on this factor, they can be point and pendant or wall.
Due to the fact that in the bathroom there is an increased level of humidity, it is better to use lamps equipped with shades. If conventional lamps are used, the contacts will quickly oxidize. This will make the device unusable.
Features built-in and overhead models
The market offers an extensive range of lamps of different designs. They can be attached to the base of the ceiling or above its level, regardless of the type - drywall, tension, slatted.
Depending on the method of mounting devices are divided into three types:
- embedded or embedded;
Mortise different parameters of penetration. Therefore, the choice is to take into account the distance that the ceiling is lowered in the room.
The size of the space behind the ceiling construction is at least 40 mm.For individual lighting systems it is necessary to lower the suspension systems by 85-100 mm, which is unacceptable for a bathroom with a low ceiling.
With embedded equipment, the light is directed downwards, so it does not cover the entire surface of the ceiling. A dot illuminates the space locally, allow you to create a muted backlight in the bathroom.
This is the best option for rooms with low ceilings. They allow the owner of the apartment to create an original interior design, investing a minimum of funds.
Overhead light sources have their own nuances when installed in a room with a stretch ceiling. Suspensions will need to be used so that the fabric coating or film does not sag during operation.
Such models will look spectacular and stylish in a modern interior.They leave bright highlights on glossy, textured, specular and shiny materials.
The technical part of the half-cutter is installed in the inside of the ceiling, and the ceiling is on the outside.
Their installation requires space behind the ceiling structure. In this case, the light is directed perpendicular to the plane and is scattered around the room, which allows the use of light bulbs more powerful.
Rotary and non-rotary devices
Directional light allows you to find the right solutions in the lighting of different zones. For this reason, turning models are often used as targeted sources.
They are distinguished by a relatively simple design - the body of the device is fixed in the ceiling of the ceiling, and its outer part rotates.
The device can be rotated in different directions and direct the light beam to a specific area.It is used to highlight the bath, shower, sink and dressing table.
This type of lamp is great for focusing on individual bright elements of the interior - it will effectively serve a unique vase, an attractive panel or an original floral composition.
Fixed fixtures are distinguished by fixed mounting and targeted lighting. When turned on, the rays of light are directed in one direction, usually downwards.
To rationally distribute the light emanating from the non-rotary models, they are installed in groups. Instruments are placed in line, in a circle or in some other way. Their number depends on the area of the room.
Point models are compact. By execution they are divided into protruding from the surface of the ceiling and hidden in the ceiling suspended system.
Electrical appliances, recessed in the ceiling of the bathroom, suitable for any interior design, but give less light. The stream of light is directed clearly downwards and only a small area is lit, located under the device.
Varieties of lamps for lamps
Often choose a simple and convenient incandescent lamp. It attracts with its low cost, but inferior to halogen and LED models.
Its main disadvantages are:
- short warranty period in the range from 1 000 to 1 500 hours;
- if the length of the base or size does not fit the design of the ceiling, it is necessary to lower the suspended structure;
- does not have protection against power surges, therefore it burns out quickly.
If you regularly turn on the light in the bathroom instead of traditional lamps, it is better to give preference to 5 times more economical option - energy saving.
Halogen lamps can be installed in ceilings that are low. In any case, the luminous flux will be uniform. They give more light than classical ones, they save energy and can be used 3 times longer.
These bulbs also tend to burn out.To replace a damaged worker, it is necessary to remove the retaining ring located on the spring, take out the cone and install a new one.
It is not recommended to put lamps with capsule halogen light sources without protective glass.
LED lamps are distinguished by aesthetic performance and strict geometry of the contours. They are made in gold or silver shades, similar to the color spectrum of plumbing fixtures.
The main advantage of LED devices is low power consumption. It is ten times smaller than the good old incandescent bulbs.
In addition, a number of other advantages should be noted:
- the number of on and off does not reduce the service life of the product;
- maximum light output of 120 lumens / watt;
- a wide range is possible without the use of light filters;
- LED heating up to a maximum of 60 ° C;
- safety in case of damage due to the absence of chemical compounds and glass fragments;
- long service life (up to 50,000 hours).
This type of fixtures is characterized by the absence of a natural type of light flux. In order to slightly soften the monochrome of sharp rays, it is necessary to use additional phosphors. So that the light does not pulsate, you need a leveling capacitor.
Lamps in the bathroom
Outrageous modern styles require original lighting. For example, for the interior decorated in the style direction of art deco, bright lamps framed with expensive wood, natural leather and stunning semi-precious stones are ideal.
Symmetric and clear lighting in the washbasin area and even rows of spot silver luminaires will suit the bathroom in a laconic hi-tech style.
A classic suggests naturalness, elegance and luxury - they mount aesthetic sconces with shades on the walls and false glass or crystal on the ceiling.
In the bathroom with a small area, the interior is more likely to be minimalist, where you can vary the lighting. For example, installing a hidden backlight in the form of an LED strip that will illuminate certain areas.
You can use lamps of different colors, combine electrical appliances - sconces, chandeliers, built-in point models.
Location of light sources
Choosing the location of fixtures, it is necessary to use the luminous flux emitted by them to the maximum. In a room with a small area, it is desirable to install built-in light sources, placing them around the perimeter of the room.
If you want to select individual zones, then you should consider placing decorative lights in the designated areas. As a rule, embedded point products are intended for general lighting. For local used decorative lights from LED strips or lamps.
With regard to the required number of fixtures, here you will need rules for the arrangement of residential premises. According to sanitary standards, the illumination of the bathroom should not be less.
You can calculate how many lamps are needed to illuminate a small bathroom with parameters of 2x3 m. For this you need:
- 2-3 incandescent lamps with a total power of 150-180 W;
- about 4 LED with indicator 18-24 W;
- or a dozen energy saving 30-40 watts.
Knowing the power, you can determine the total number of lamps and choose the method of their placement on the ceiling.
The nuances of installing fixtures in the bathroom
It is important when arranging lighting in the bathroom to take care of security. For this you have to check that the wiring in this room is grounded.
Another important point is to buy only models of lamps with a sufficient level of protection. Do not forget that when bathing splashes can easily be inside electrical appliances, which poses serious problems.
The complexity of installing lighting fixtures for suspended ceilings depends on the type of ceiling construction.If the bathroom has a ceiling of PVC panels or drywall, then installing the light source will not be difficult.
The lampshield must be inserted into the hole for the lamp, then press it with a spring.
If the bathroom stretch ceilings, then for the arrangement of lighting require fixtures designed for tension structures. They are attached to the guide or ceiling plates.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The choice of lighting for the bathroom in the video:
The subtleties of self-installation of a spotlight are illuminated in the video:
The market offers an extensive range of fixtures. They differ in design, function, appearance, method of placement and installation. To achieve the desired result in the bathroom, focusing on the most spectacular details, you will need to determine the number and power of lamps.When choosing them, it is important to comply with safety standards when choosing electrical equipment with a moisture protection level greater than IP44.