Marking of goods since 2019
In addition to the increase in VAT, representatives of small and large businesses are soon waiting for another innovation. In 2019, a system of mandatory labeling of goods will be introduced, which will require time and money from entrepreneurs. What is the reason for this, what products will be included in the list, terms of introduction and other recent news will be considered in this material.
For what purpose is being introduced
On April 28, 2018, Government Decree No. 792-p was issued. It approves a list of 10 items - certain groups of goods that will be subject to mandatory labeling from 2019. The explanatory note states that the purpose of this innovation is to reduce the turnover of counterfeit and contraband products. Download the text of the Governmental Order here.
The initiator was the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia. Thus, the state is striving to build a system to track all products entering the Russian market. The ultimate goal is to create a single information base,which will contain information about the manufacturer, delivery, receipt of goods to the wholesale bases and retail stores, up to the acquisition. It is planned that this will help the FTS to track the illegal turnover of products.
What information does the labeling contain?
The Ministry of Industry and Trade and Rostec were involved in the development of the platform and software. They must develop a model that will ensure the effective functioning of the system with minimal cost.
Marking is a bar code applied to a fabric or paper label. The barcode is read by a special device or software application on the smartphone. Considering it, the buyer will receive full information about this product. It will be a single software network that allows you to identify any product.
The following information should be displayed on the marking barcode:
- manufacturer country,
- date of manufacture,
- shelf life,
- properties and components of the product,
- features of operation in climatic conditions.
List of goods: table
The administrative document of the Government will begin to operate on January 1, 2019, but for different groups of goods there are different terms for the introduction of mandatory labeling.Order No. 791-P lists the following categories:
|Bed linen and other fabrics for household use (towels, tablecloths, etc.)||1.12.19|
|Clothing, including working and made of leather||1.12.19|
|Outerwear for men, women and children (coats, jackets, etc.)||01.12.19|
|Women's blouses and shirts from different materials||01.12.19|
|Cameras and flash||01.12.19|
|Tires and tires||01.12.19|
|Perfume, Eau de Toilette||01.12.19|
It is planned that by 2024 all goods used in the trade turnover in the Russian Federation will be marked and registered in a single system.
Download the government order dated 04.28.2018 No. 792 regarding labeling of goods in 2019.
From April 1, 2016, mandatory labeling of fur products has already been introduced. In the summer of 2018, a similar program will be launched to systematize precious metals, stones and jewelry. Its launch is experimental, but participation is mandatory for all representatives of the industry. Thus, the Government wants to find out the effectiveness of the implementation of the identification program. Also since 2017, there is a voluntary labeling of drugs, which will become mandatory from 2020.
A similar program (EGAIS) is already used to monitor the circulation of alcohol and wood.Analysts claim that its implementation significantly reduces the volume of illegal sales: for example, the number of illegally traded vodka for 1 year after the introduction of the Unified State Automated Information System has decreased by 13%.
Order No. 791-P was adopted literally on the eve of the Government’s resignation. Some analysts argue that the adoption of this act was lobbied by interest groups. What does mandatory product systematization give? Without a doubt, the state will remain in the black, because a large number of goods sold will come out of the shadows and pay taxes.
However, entrepreneurs are not happy with the rules. After all, they will entail additional costs (equipment and registration in the system) and labor costs (employee training). As a result, the buyer will pay for all the costs incurred, because businessmen will include them in the cost of goods. And although representatives of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, which is the initiator of the project, say that the introduction of labeling will not affect the cost of goods, the leaders of business associations think differently.
The implementation of this program is perceived by experts ambiguously.Razbrodin, the head of Soyuzlegprom, believes that the introduction of the identifier will boost the domestic manufacturer. He notes that with the introduction of labeling of fur coats, the share of the Russian market has grown by 13%. This happened because the number of illegally imported products decreased.
Saida Suleimanova, a financial adviser to the Government, is confident that the state treasury will replenish, but trade participants will incur additional expenses, as a result of which prices will rise. She even advises in advance to buy products that do not deteriorate (shoes, clothes), since prices will start to grow even before the introduction of the labeling system.
Koltashev, head of the Center for Economic Research, claims that small business representatives will continue to import counterfeit products (markets, kiosks, etc.). However, large networks, which previously could have sold fake lots along with the originals, will now be enclosed in a more strict framework. At the same time, the expert believes that the systematization process is complex and expensive, and it would be more logical to tighten the control of imported products at customs.