Modern political ideologies
Modern political ideologies, like those,which existed before, ensure order in society, support its integrity. And this despite the fact that in a society there are many groups often with absolutely opposite opinions. That is, the political ideologies of the present are such statements about facts and values that are relevant to a particular group, individual or party and express their goals. They serve as a framework, on which the functions and structure of power in a concrete society are based. All the main political ideologies of our time, regardless of their essence, are inseparable from the problems of authority. Each of them recognizes its model of society and applies its means and methods for its implementation in practice.
Modern political ideologies simultaneouslyperform two seemingly opposite roles. On the one hand, they unite the members of a particular party (the integrative function), and on the other, separate it from the others (the demarcation function).
The tendentious nature of political ideologies,as a rule, pronounced. This is due to their desire to attract the most support. Ideologies give a political connotation to relations between people, groups, parties, institutions. They explain, accept or reject certain realities of social life in a particular historical period. These are common features characteristic of any given time.
Modern political ideologies, however,differ from the former absence of an invisible axis, which divided the world into two poles. This happened after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. The notion of "the West" has lost its old meaning. Japan began to be attributed to Asian countries. Now it can, together with other states belonging to the Asia-Pacific region, build relations with other regions without looking back on political and ideological considerations.
And at the same time it is time, about which M. Weber warned: the era of loss of illusions, a time of frustration and uncertainty. Both the religious teachings of the past, and the various ideas and utopias that existed in the 20th century, ceased to play the role of those ideals that all mobilized. This happened either because of bankruptcy, or they simply exhausted themselves. In our time most utopias (communist, radical, socialist) are debunked. And this is a fact. As a result, people lost confidence in both revolutionaries and reformers. No one is scared or inspired by the great prohibitions, refusals and programs. And they do not act because of complete human indifference to them.
Modern political ideologies are characterized by one important development trend: they actively lend each other positions, while making their synthesis.
There is another trend. This is an evolution into an independent ideology of nationalism. He attracts people by skillfully transforming ordinary, even banal actions into a source of pride for the whole people, points to the elements of self-expression and the desire for freedom present in them. A person convinced of this, begins to feel his own involvement in the community, responsibility, finds meaning in life. This reduces his feelings of alienation and loneliness.
After all, strangely enough, but in a society in whichcosmopolitanization, modernization, loss of roots and depersonalization, the need to give meaning to one's life not only does not decrease, but, on the contrary, only intensifies. And the more vague are such natural associations as family, clan, ethnos, nation, community, the more people become striving to join artificial societies: sects, parties, etc.