Obsessive-compulsive disorder.

In the modern world, with its rapid variabilityand the presence of a huge amount of information, the human body is not always able to exist mentally normal. As a result, cases of inadequate assessment of events, depression and other disorders of the psyche and its disorder are not uncommon.

One of the variants of mental disordersis obsessive-compulsive disorder. This mental disorder manifests itself as obsessive actions and thoughts. Abscesses are those obsessive thoughts, and the actions arising under their influence are nothing but compulsions. Images, ideas and inclinations, in the form of stereotypes, are repeated in the mind many times.

Such obsessions somehow (no matter how they resisted the patient) lead to a response reaction - action (compulsion).

How to understand when actions turn intocompulsions? These are actions performed as a stereotype, which do not carry the semantic load. Even the patient himself often notes their senselessness or tries to assert that these actions prevent or cause any events. Objectively, it becomes clear that these actions have no relation to the events that occur. Often obsessive-compulsive disorder is manifested in the form of a ritual.

Often with this type of mental disorderchanges are observed on the part of the autonomic nervous system, and a feeling of gravity and anxiety on the soul develops for no apparent reason. Sometimes obsessive-compulsive disorder is accompanied by a depressive disorder. Such a relationship is characterized by a directly proportional relationship, that is, the more one, the stronger the manifestation of the second.

In general, obsessive-compulsive disorder can be divided into several options, depending on the prevalence of obsessive actions (compulsions) or obsessive thoughts (obsessions).

In a separate group, mixed forms are distinguished, in which compulsive behavior and obsessive thoughts manifest themselves in virtually the same way.

This disorder most often develops as a result of various psychogenic factors. Thus, a high level of anxiety, agitation or aggression leads to the formation of this disease.

Examples of compulsive actions can be:obsessive doubts (whether the light is turned off, the door is closed, the iron is turned off and others), obsessive fears (which lead to a person being afraid to leave the house, ride in the elevator and others).

For such a mental disorder asobsessive-compulsive disorder, treatment is not only the use of pharmaceuticals, but also in the conduct of psychoanalysis, as well as in severe cases - electroconvulsive therapy.

Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorderincludes the use of drugs from the group of antidepressants, as well as antiepileptic drugs (such as carbamazepine).

The drugs of other groupsintroduction of the concept of "evidence-based medicine" showed its inefficiency in the treatment of this type of pathology. As a result, the use of these drugs could be considered inexpedient. The best result was shown by the above two groups of drugs - antiepileptic and antidepressants. The latter, moreover, are a kind of prophylaxis for the development of depressive states.

Thus, a mental disorder isa very common pathology, with varying degrees of expression of compulsions and obsessions. Treatment of this type of mental illness at the initial stages gives hope for a favorable outcome, but in the case of prolonged absence of therapy, the mental state may worsen and the depressive state may develop, the treatment of which is somewhat more difficult and prolonged.

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