Preparatory work and the procedure for painting work. Basically, any painting work begins with plastering the surface of even walls. Before deciding what material will be used for the plastering process, it is necessary to make a choice of a further type of wall decoration (whether it is painting, decorative plaster or wallpapering).
It is very convenient to use for plaster walls, the so-called "plaster plaster". The advantages of this plaster are that it does not shrink and crack, applied to the wall in a thin layer, which significantly saves material costs. Such plaster dries very quickly (twice as fast as regular plaster). In addition, the consumption of putty on the plastered wall "plaster plaster" is reduced.
Before applying any type of plaster, it is necessary to prime the surface. Soil cause deep penetration, thanks to him, the plaster is firmly held. In order to avoid the appearance of microcracks and to smooth out the stress inside the plaster, a fiberglass reinforcement mesh is embedded in its layer.
I would like to say that the application of the method of curing (a mixture of cement, lime, sand) has long "outlived" itself.The method is durable in its “performance” and is characterized by possible further deformation of the base (cracks and peeling appear).
The range of modern polymer mixtures on cement and plaster bases will provide high quality in the shortest possible time.
Then put on the wall several layers of putty. The wall should be sanded and put a finishing (final) layer of putty. For such a layer choose putty with a fine fraction.
The slightest flaws remaining on the wall can be seen only through powerful lighting.
After pre-treatment of the walls, a selected finishing material is applied. Sometimes repeated application of several layers is required.
The technology of applying different materials is not the same.
Types of paint and varnish works
Depending on the selected final coverage:
- Monumental and decorative.
- Alfraine - works in the form of painting of any surfaces under the natural texture, for example, under the texture of wood, leather, porcelain.
- Monumental and decorative - mosaics, stained glass, art professional finish.
Painting work is divided into: internal and external views
Depending on the instrument:
- Spray can
- Spray gun.
- On the main substance of paints and varnishes:
According to the type of surface to be treated, painting work is divided according to the base:
- Asbestos cement
In the painting work using various materials. Materials are distinguished by the method of preparation and components used in the composition of paint materials. The composition is determined by the pigment - dye and liquid bonding materials. Liquid curing materials, after hardening or drying, form a film that adheres firmly to the treated surface.
Liquid binders are made on non-aqueous and aqueous bases, respectively, and the compositions are divided - non-aqueous and aqueous. Cement, lime and liquid glass, various types of adhesives - are used in water formulations. Mineral and vegetable substances, asphalt, bitumen, artificial and natural resins are used in non-aqueous compositions. Compounds based on synthetic substances are often universal.It is possible to work with them at low temperatures. Such compositions dry quickly. To speed up the drying use of siccatives, also used, together with the compositions, various solvents and thinners for paints, auxiliary paint mixtures.
Recently water-dispersion or water-based paints have become very popular. Their advantage is that they are not toxic, and the surfaces painted by them "breathe" and are subject to further processing and cleaning.
Paintings themselves are carried out, often at the final stage of repair. After finishing plumbing and electrical work. The most important condition for their conduct is the complete absence of any drafts. Fulfillment of this condition provides uniform protection against dust and drying.
The choice of paint depends on many factors. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the purpose of the room, proportions, orientation, color and style of objects, upholstered furniture and decor.
For living rooms it is preferable to glue paint.
For kitchen, bathroom, pantry, you can choose oil, enamel, water-based paints.
Weatherproof paints or specially designed for exterior facade work must be used for exterior work.
When choosing the color of paint products, consider the purpose of the room being processed and the objects to be painted. Choose shades of paint in accordance with the color of the selected furniture and textiles to be used in the future (at the end of all painting works) in the interior.