Regularly do smear at the gynecologist
Year after year, doctors repeat the samerecommendation, but our women ignore it with inexplicable persistence. Once a year, every fair sex representative should visit the gynecologist's office, even if at this time she is absolutely nothing to worry about. Believe me, there are many reasons for this: to detect inflammation in time, to check for infections in a timely manner, to choose the most correct contraceptive for yourself. And every such visit involves taking tests. What are the strokes that gynecologists take? What do they find out with their help? And how to prepare for the analysis?
At first a little about the microflora of the female organs,the first smear of a gynecologist is associated with it. The vagina of a healthy woman, like other environments of our body, is populated by a multitude of microbes, they create a normal microflora in it. Basically there are lactobacilli - bacteria, which support the acidic environment inside the body, and it, in turn, restrains the growth of all pathogenic bacteria. Also in a healthy patient, a small number of candida, streptococcal, staphylococcus and ureaplasma fungi can be detected. If a woman has a gynecological disease (this also applies to diseases that are sexually transmitted), the microflora of the vagina changes. And the nature of the changes specialist determines the cause of the disease.
A smear in the gynecologist on the flora - just socalled analysis, which is taken from the vagina and two channels: the urethra and the cervix. This is done to determine the balance of the flora, the number of leukocytes and the detection of diseases. How is a smear taken from a gynecologist? For this, special tampons are used, the analysis usually passes painlessly, discomfort can arise only when the tampon contacts the cervix. Collected secretions are applied to special glasses and sent to the laboratory. Usually the result is ready in a few hours or 1-3 days.
Smear at the gynecologist for cytology, availabilityatypical cells, Pap test - all this is a Pap smear. This analysis takes the first place in gynecology among preventive tests. With its help, the evaluation of the structure of the cells of the cervix and the diagnosis of cancer. It is also used to detect malignant papilloma virus in women after the age of thirty. If this test in the patient reveals dysplasia (the presence of uncharacteristic cells), then an examination of the cervix under the microscope (colposcopy) is appointed.
That any smear at the gynecologist has given authenticresult, it is necessary to observe several conditions. For a couple of days before the examination should refrain from sexual acts, any means of intimate hygiene and syringing. From the use of tablets, vaginal suppositories must be abandoned within a week, their use is possible only by agreement with a doctor. In the evening before the inspection, one should wash with warm water, in the morning it should not be done at all. Analyzes are done a few days before menstruation or in the first few days after it ends. If it started at the day scheduled for the examination, then the visit to the doctor should be postponed. As you can see, there are no impossible conditions here, but it is necessary to adhere to them, in order to avoid false results, and consequently, repeated surveys.