Social and labor relations
One of the mandatory conditions for the development andthe existence of human society is labor. This process consists of three components that are unchanged regardless of the historical era. These include the following:
- objects of labor;
- its means;
- actually work.
In the process of production, a person, through hisactions controls and regulates the exchange of various substances occurring between him and nature. With the help of work people create, and also increase the goods and services that they need. The process of labor activity refers to a complex socio-economic phenomenon. On the one hand, the person spends his nervous and physical energy to achieve the ultimate goal. This serves as a physiological characteristic of the labor process. On the other hand, the work is related to the interaction of members of the work collective, which is a production relationship. From this point of view, it appears to be a social phenomenon.
The active population of any country does not havethe ability to produce goods or offer services until it merges into specific organizational forms. In connection with this, the basis of any type of economic systems is social and labor relations. They appear as a single complex of connections between their links:
- employers and employees;
- bodies of legislative, as well as executive type and subjects.
The list of issues that cover social and labor relations is very extensive. He owns the whole spectrum of economic property relations:
- determination of the level of remuneration of labor and its conditions;
- consideration of labor conflict situations;
- the decision of a question on participation of hired workers in the process of production management;
- conclusion of treaties and agreements concerning the sphere of labor;
- Individual and collective bargaining.
Social and labor relations are the leadingelement of the entire system of society's connections. They serve as a criterion for people's way of life. At the stage of development of these relations, it is judged on the democratic nature of society, as well as on the orientation of its economic system on the social sphere.
There are four groups of subjects thatinteract with each other in the process of production. The first of them consists of employers and wage workers, local government and the state. The second group includes bodies of representative organizations, whose functions include delegation of authority. These include trade unions, government bodies and authorities, as well as associations that include employers. Social dialogues are realized with the participation of the subjects included in the third group. They are temporarily established or permanently functioning regional level bodies, as well as the organization of the National Council of National Partnership.
Regulation of social and labor relationsis the prerogative of various peacekeeping and mediation structures, as well as independent experts and arbitrators included in the fourth group. They are called to extinguish all sorts of conflict situations and prevent their aggravation in the production sphere.
Social and labor relations are based on certain principles. They include:
- the principle of ensuring legislative acts;
- the principle of partnership;
Social and labor relations are transformed into moredemocratic degree with the development of collective and private forms of property ownership. They are also improving as a result of the process of introducing advanced technologies and strengthening the human factor in the production cycle.