What is an infinitive?
The word "infinitive" comes from the Latininfintus, which means "indefinite". So what is an infinitive? This is an indefinite or impersonal form of the verb, answering the questions "what to do?" (imperfect view) and "what to do?" (perfect view). The infinitive denotes an action, process or state, but whatever the category of the number, person, inclination, that is, outside of the relationship to the object.
Verbs in an indefinite form in Russianhave endings -t if there is a vowel before the end, and-if the sound is consonant before the end. However, in the event that the stress does not fall on the ending, it is reduced to-t. For example: to climb, write, love, sing, laugh (return form), draw, carry, carry, bake, lie - these are all examples of the vague form of the verb. The only refinement: in verbs on-off (burn, guard) -ch is not an end in contrast to -t and-that, it's part of the root.
In Russian, an infinitive or an indefinite form of a verb is part of a composite verbal predicate. For example: teaches to swim, loves to ride, wants to dance, gives a light and so on.
This is what concerns the infinitive in Russian. What is the infinitive in English?
In English, the standard form of the infinitiveis formed using the dictionary or basic form of the verb preceded by the particle to. For example: to sleep, to write, to read, to see. True, sometimes as an exception, an infinitive in English can be used without a particle to. Such infinitive is called "bare" infinitive (English bare infinitive).