What is arthritis?

In this article I will tell you about such a disease asarthritis. You will learn what is arthritis, for what reasons it arises and what is its difference from similar in name but different in origin and symptomatology of the disease - arthrosis. These diseases are confused often enough, so the last chapter of our article will be devoted to explaining the differences between them.

Description and causes of arthritis

In fact, arthritis is the name of not one, but the wholegroup of diseases of joints. Arthritis also refers to the lesion of any one joint, and if a group of joints is affected, then this disease is called polyarthritis. Arthritis is one of the most common diseases in the world, and neglected forms of arthritis almost certainly lead to disability. The main type of arthritis (in terms of spread) is rheumatoid. Modern scientists believe that the cause of this inflammatory disease of the joints is some kind of infection, however, to say exactly which one, still can not. However, such an assumption may be incorrect, since it is known that rheumatoid arthritis is not treated with antibiotics, which, in theory, must kill the virus. Treat rheumatoid arthritis with the help of pain relievers, as well as surgical operations on the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis usually occurs under the influence of emotional stress or shock, after prolonged and heavy physical exertion and a high degree of fatigue, as well as the effects of various infections and even hormonal changes.

Development of the disease

In the first stage of rheumatoid arthritis,notice some swelling around the joints, an increase in temperature in these places, and joint pain. In the second stage, the synovial membrane of the joints begins to become denser, and then, in the third stage, joints deform and a significant increase in pain occurs. There is also a noticeable loss of motor function of the affected joints. Rheumatoid arthritis usually manifests itself in the form of polyarthritis, that is, it affects not one but several joints. The disease develops slowly enough, it can be seen in such manifestations as joint stiffness in the morning (this lasts about half an hour), spontaneous joint pain, which is intensified with active movements.

What is the difference between arthritis and arthrosis?

Unlike arthritis, arthrosis is a diseasetypically articular, that is, it does not affect other body systems. At the same time, arthrosis is an age-related deformity of the joints, and arthritis often has other causes and it can begin even at a young age. The only exceptions, when arthrosis starts early, can be joint trauma and significant overload if a person is engaged in sports. But the main difference between arthritis and arthrosis, of course, is that the first is an inflammatory disease of the body as a whole, and arthrosis affects only the joints. It should be noted that about 2% of the world's population suffers from arthritis, 10% of people over 40 years old suffer from arthrosis. We also add that arthrosis - a disease much more studied than arthritis, the causes of which have not yet been identified with 100% accuracy. Apparently, the onset of arthritis is affected by a whole complex of the reasons mentioned in our article.

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