What is land surveying?
Before you buy land or take landland for rent, it is recommended to undergo a land survey. What is land surveying? This is a complex of technical and legal actions, including the definition and fixing of borders and the area of the site, as well as their legal design. The first mention of such a procedure and land-use books has its roots in the times of Ancient Rus.
What is land surveying
The rules of land surveying are stipulated by the Laws"On land management", "On the state land cadastre", the Instruction on land surveying. It should be noted that the survey procedure is not mandatory.
Land surveying is carried outemployees of design and survey departments of Rosnedvizhimost or geodesic companies licensed for cartographic and engineering-geodetic activities.
The land surveying procedure includes the following activities:
- Define object boundaries. Works are carried out together with the owners of the site. On the perimeter are established landmarks and geodetic measurements are made to determine the coordinates.
- Calculation of the area of the site based on the measurements taken. If the result does not coincide with the data specified in the certificate, the owner has the right to specify the area.
- Drawing up an act on the coordination of the boundaries of the site. In order to avoid violation of the rights of owners of neighboring sites, they should be notified of the forthcoming procedure in writing, in case they did not survey their plots before.
- Drawing up the documents required for submission to the cadastral chamber, namely: a landmark plan in 2 copies, one of which is kept by the owner.
What is the Land survey conducted for?
Land surveying is recommended if necessary:
- to redistribute the land - to change the boundaries of the site in case of its division into parts or the unification of several sections;
- clarify the boundaries - determine the boundaries of ownership and consolidate them;
- place the plot for a new owner. When buying a land plot, a landmark passport guarantees the legality of the acquisition;
- land for rent. Land surveying is desirable for long-term leases, as well as for short-term leases.
Pros and cons of surveying
The survey procedure has a number of positive aspects:
- It makes it possible to legally increase the existing land plot by several hundred (up to 10% of the area), if the area specified in the documents is less than the actual area.
- Allows you to protect the boundaries of the site from intentional or involuntary encroachments of neighbors.
- It gives an opportunity to observe norms and regulations when constructing objects on a site, for example, indenting from borders.
- If the site has an undefined form, it is possible to establish its exact boundaries only after surveying.
- If the land plot belongs to several owners, surveying will avoid conflict situations if it is divided.
- the procedure is relatively expensive and long, takes a lot of time from the owner of the site;
- the conduct of land surveying often threatens with disputes or even judicial proceedings with neighbors;
- in case of wrong survey, the identified errors are eliminated at the expense of the site owner;
- impossibility to complete a sale transaction until the end of the survey procedure, if necessary.