Why does the nape hurt?

Headache is considered one of the mostpainful. It can lead to a complete loss of efficiency, especially if it is a so-called migraine. Almost forty percent of the able-bodied population can periodically experience pain in the occipital part of the head. There are concomitant pains in the temples and occiput, and many are inclined to believe that this is the result of increased pressure. To determine this kind of ailments, you need to consult a specialist, since self-medication can lead to disastrous results.

Therefore, if the pain is not systematiccharacter, and appeared only once, it is possible to understand why it hurts the head, independently. In such isolated cases, the cause is usually the excessive tension of the neck muscles, or the associated pinching of the nerve.

Acute pain

In cases where the nape of the neck is bad, the personexperiencing acute pain. Experts associate the appearance of such pain with stress or prolonged depression, which, due to a lower level of a number of hormones, depresses the peripheral nervous system. Sharp sharp pain when turning the head in the right side of the nape and shifting to the occipital part of the pain from the top of the head are the main symptoms.

Such pain can arise due to a number of diseases. Therefore, when the neck hurts the cause of this - the disease of the cervical spine. Or it can be an osteochondrosis, sprains of ligaments and muscles, diseases of lymph nodes.

Myogelosis. This neck disease provokes a tightening of the motor muscles. The disease can arise from an infectious catarrhal disease, stress, or a pinched nerve. One of the most common diseases in such a disorder is neuralgia. In this case the pain is present in any sudden movements and have a paroxysmal character. They are also accompanied by pain in the lower jaw, back and ears. For a quick relief from such pain, you will need to lie down and relax as much as possible, because of the relaxation of the muscles, the stress hormone vasopressin will decrease.

It's a dull pain

In contrast to acute pain, which has a propertysharply, but briefly appear, aching pain is not so harsh, but it lasts longer. Pain may not stop for several hours. The cause of this pain is spasms of the muscles of the neck and shoulders. Spasms, in turn, arise from excessive tension and sedentary work. Usually happens at the end of the day. Sensation of strong pressure on the nape - a symptom with aching pain. Intellectual tension can also provoke pain in the occipital part of the head. Stress and irregular working schedule, the absence of periodic breaks, lead to the appearance of such a malaise. Usually it is inclined to women in the age after 30 years.

To remove aching pain will help a cold compress on the forehead, changing the direction of blood flow in the head. Also helps massage the occipital part of the head and neck, this will improve the blood circulation of this area.

Blunt pain

Such a pain is not so frequent, and it is -the result of diseases such as arthritis or osteochondrosis. The usual massage of the area of ​​the disease is contraindicated. touch can cause more pain. The specialist will find out why the back of the head hurts, in this case, hands not touching at all. The main causes of pain are cervical spondylosis. It is a chronic disease in which ligaments are damaged and osteophytes on the vertebrae are deformed. In addition to pain in the nape causes pain in the ears and head.

Relieves such pain by taking a warm bath withadding sea salt, and smooth inclined head movements. Since usually this pain is systematic, the sessions of therapeutic massage should be constantly, and a specialist should do this massage.

Throbbing pain

The most dangerous form of pain, because is sometimes a harbinger of a stroke. The main reason for pulsating pain in the occiput is high blood pressure. Such pain arises abruptly and is accompanied by noise in the ears, pain in the nose and disorientation. Dizziness can be so severe that it can lead to fainting. Drugs in this case can not be taken any, tk. it can only do much harm. It is advisable to call the doctor right away.

The main symptoms are: noise in the ears and whole head, numbness of the limbs, loss of vision, a sense of pressure on the skull and nose. Also, the pain of the neck with a sharp throbbing pain can occur with arterial hypertension and vertebrobasilar syndrome.

Causes of pulsating pain can be the mostdifferent. Such a pain is caused by acute infectious colds - meningitis or sinusitis. Or an angle-closure glaucoma. Sometimes a throbbing pain arises from the overstrain of the optic nerve. This leads to wearing glasses with an incorrect diopter value. In this case, you need to contact an ophthalmologist.

Sometimes, such a pain leads to temporal arthritis. He is due to injury, or is chronic, caused by the inflammatory process. With this disease, the temporal region causes a feeling of stiffness, and there are third-party noises in the movements of the lower jaw. It also causes pain and discomfort.

Injuries that cause arthritis are mainlydisplacement of the lower jaw and pinching of the nerve. With such a trauma you need to consult a surgeon. Chronic temporal arthritis is caused by inflammatory processes and manifests itself gradually, reducing the mobility of the jaw and temporal part. Also accompanied by aching pain in the nape, temples and ears.

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